Temporary Resident Permit (TRP) Canada Information

The Temporary Resident Permit (TRP) is designed for individuals who are inadmissible to Canada due to criminal, security, or medical reasons but have valid reasons to visit Canada. 

To qualify for a TRP, you must have compelling reasons that are clear and specific and outweigh the potential safety and health risk to Canadian society. A TRP allows you to suspend your admissibility for a finite period of time. 

Read on to find out more information on the Temporary Resident Permit (TRP) and eligibility criteria. 

What Is A Temporary Resident Permit (TRP)? 

A Temporary Resident Permit is a legal document issued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada that allows technically inadmissible people (individuals who do not meet the requirements of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act or Regulations) to visit Canada. 

This permit is only granted if the individual’s need to visit outweighs the risk he poses being in the country. As a TRP holder, you;

  • Must comply with the conditions imposed on your TRP
  • Must not work or study without a work or study permit
  • Must leave Canada at the end of your authorized period of stay
  • Cannot re-enter Canada without prior authorization

Eligibility Criteria For Temporary Resident Permit (TRP)

Generally, persons who are inadmissible (due to any reason) to Canada may be eligible to apply for a Temporary Resident Permit. 

However, if you are criminally inadmissible, you are prohibited from submitting an application for Canadian permanent residence.

This means that a TRP can not be used for any permanent Canadian immigration processes but can only be used to work, study, or visit for a finite period of time. 

Some valid reasons that may be accepted for entry are;

  • Travel for work
  • Travel to visit a sick family member
  • Travel to attend a family wedding

To be eligible to apply for a Canadian Temporary Resident Permit, you must have been convicted of a criminal offense and must have:

  • Had less than 5 years pass since you completed your sentence. This includes probation, jail time, community service hours, and fee payment OR
  • Had more than 5 years pass since you completed your sentence, and you have not applied for, or have yet to receive a decision on an application for criminal rehabilitation.

It’s important to note that a Temporary Resident Permit is not the same as a Temporary Resident Visa. 

Temporary Resident Permits are only granted in exceptional circumstances at the discretion of the processing officer and can be canceled at any time. TRP holders are inadmissible to Canada while Temporary Resident visa holders are not inadmissible. 

Canadian Border Service Officers have the responsibility of determining which TRP applications are approved and which are not. They do this by comparing the risks of a person’s entry to the benefit it will have on Canadian society.

Hence if you are applying, you have to demonstrate the need or urgency of your reason to travel to show that you are deserving of temporary residence in Canada. 

If eventually, you are granted a TRP, you must leave at the expiration of your authorized period of stay. 

Application Procedure

You must be able to prove the necessity of your visit to Canada when applying for a Temporary Resident Permit. TRP application has a non-refundable $200CAD application fee at the Canadian Immigration Office or at any Port of Entry and application procedures vary depending on the country you are applying from. Visit the Canadian visa office in your country for more information on the necessary requirements. 

Read Also: Temporary Resident To Permanent Resident Pathway

Processing Times For Your Application

Your application will be reviewed by the Case Processing Centre to determine if it is complete. If there are any problems with your application like if it is not signed, the required fee is missing, or the required passport-size photos are missing, your application will be returned to you and you may have to re-apply. 

Your application may be returned or refused if any other important information is missing. If there are complications with your application, the Case Processing Centre will either send you a; 

  • letter refusing your application; or
  • notification that your application has been referred to a local IRCC center for further assessment.

The Case Processing Centre processes most of the applications it receives, but the rest are referred to a local office for further clarification. 

Once your application is referred to a local office, they will contact you to obtain additional information or clarification. It may take up to three months for them to make contact.

After the local office has received additional information or clarification, they will complete the final stages of processing and invite you for an interview. The local office will notify you by mail of their decision when the processing is complete,

Before applying, make sure you fulfill all the requirements. You can proceed as follows; 

  • Gather all the necessary documents that are listed on the Document Checklist
  • Calculate and pay the fees
  • Photocopy the blank forms and use one as a working copy. Keep it for your records.
  • Fill in the forms carefully and completely
  • Sign and date your forms
  • Mai your application to the Case Processing Centre

Note:

It is unlawful to remain in Canada beyond the validity of your status in Canada.

It is illegal to work or study without a required work permit/study permit.

A Temporary Resident Permit is only valid for a specified period of time. A “Date of Issue” and “Expiry Date” or a “Permit in force from” and a “Permit in force until date” will be printed or written on your TRP and it is valid according to the “Expiry date” or the “Permit in force until date”.

Inadmissibility And Non-compliance

Inadmissibility

An applicant is considered inadmissible if there is a medical condition, recent or past criminal conviction, financial concern, misrepresented information in your application, or serious criminal concerns under the Act. this status prevents him from entering or remaining in Canada without a Temporary Resident Permit.

Non-compliance

This refers to when an applicant directly or indirectly fails to satisfy the requirements of the Act or Regulations. Some instances incude:

  • Not being examined at the time you entered Canada
  • Not obtaining a temporary resident visa (TRV)
  • Entering Canada with an expired visa 
  • Not having a passport or having an expired one before you entered Canada;
  • Overstaying your period of authorized stay
  • Working or studying without a permit.

If you are inadmissible to Canada, your family members traveling alongside you would also be considered inadmissible. Your family members will need to apply for their own individual TRPs before they are allowed to enter Canada. 

Read Also: How To Apply For a Canadian Work Permit

Frequently Asked Questions

What Is Temporary Resident Permit TRP?

A TRP document authorizes a person who is considered inadmissible or does not meet the requirements of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act or Regulations to enter or remain in Canada.

What Is The Difference Between TRV And TRP?

A TRP allows people who are inadmissible to Canada to visit the country on a short-term basis while a TRV is an official document placed in your passport that proves you met the requirements to enter Canada as a temporary resident.

How Long Does A TRP Last In Canada?

Temporary Resident Permits can be issued for as little as one day (single entry) or for as long as three years (multiple entries).

How Long Does It Take To Get A TRP For Canada?

3 to 4 months
TRP applications typically take 3 to 4 months to be processed. 

Is TRP The Same As Visitor Visa?

No, it’s not. A visitor visa is different from a TRP. A TRV shows you meet the requirements to enter Canada temporarily and is issued to visitors, students, or workers.

Who Issues TRP in Canada?

The TRP is issued by the Canadian Immigration officer or border agent who processes your application. 

Can A TRP Holder Work In Canada?

For a TRP holder to work or study in Canada during the temporary residence, he must receive the proper permits in addition to the TRP. A temporary resident cannot leave and re-enter Canada without proper authorization. When a TRP expires, its holder must leave Canada.

How Long Can TRP Be Issued?

Under section 63 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR), an initial or subsequent temporary resident permit (TRP) may be valid from 1 day to 3 years. Temporary Resident Permits may be issued for a single entry or multiple entries, depending on the circumstances

Conclusion

There you have it – Temporary Resident Permit (TRP) Canada information. This permit is for individuals who are considered inadmissible to Canada.

To qualify and be granted this permit, you must meet the necessary requirements and provide a valid reason that outweighs your risk of being in Canadian society. 

Additionally, you are expected to comply with all the policies and conditions on your TRP which incudes leaving the country at the expiration of your authorized length of stay. 

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